Cobblestone and paving are some of the most beautiful surfaces known to man ... timeless classics that have been popular for centuries because of their hard wearing characteristics and consistent good looks.
From the earliest days, they've been chosen as a stylish yet practical finish.
Now, there's even more of a resurgence in paving and renewed interest in using their strength and performance in innovative and exciting ways.
Pavers can be laid in a wide range of patterns, from traditional straights or diagonals to herringbones, stretcher bond and basket weave. And of course, there's the added element of colour.
Christchurch city is a shining example of how paving has been effectively used to beautify streets, squares and boulevards as a modern architectural feature that reflects a certain historic charm while keeping pace with today's hectic lifestyle and provides a rugged, economically viable alternative.
In many ways, Christchurch is leading the country in its rediscovery of all the advantages of paving ... jobs such as these in the city's renowned Cathedral Square are shown some of the opportunities available.
This project is one where modern technology is also playing a part.
The History of Paving
Minoans build roads from segmental units.
The first bitumen-set brick pavers
are used in Babylon for roading.
The Persian Royal Road of about 2500km is completed, running from Turkey to the Persian Gulf.
Romans complete 85,000km of main roads from Newcastle, England to Damascus, in Syria using segmental stone paving.
Englishman John Metcalf builds 240km of highways, mainly in Lancashire
Clay pavers make their first appearance on the streets of North America.
The first concrete pavers appear in Germany.
The US Bureau of Roads test the strength of paving for roading.
The first experimental road is built with concrete pavers at Neuss, in Germany.
The first concrete pavers are produced in the Netherlands as a substitute for clay units.
Pavers shaped like dog-bones are introduced in The Netherlands.
Germany produces the first product standard for concrete pavers.
The Netherlands follows suit.
Machines start to produce pavers.
Canada introduces a product standard for precast concrete paving slabs. (It was revised in 1999).
The first European-made paving machine lands in the United States.
North America gets its first paving manufacturer: KNR Concrete in Toronto.
A watershed year: the first international conference on concrete block paving, held in Newcastle, England. Future conferences are held in The Netherlands, Italy, New Zealand, Australia, Norway, Israel, and Columbia. The basis of much of the written knowledge about paving has arisen from these conferences.
Pavers make their mark on big industrial sites, as their strength and longevity is recognised. The first big project: a coal terminal in Virginia, the second a container yard in Edmonton, Canada.
Concrete pavers are used for the first time on an airfield (in Luton, England).
US concrete paver production reaches 8 million square metres, thanks to the growth of the residential market.
First mechanically installed street in Dayton, Ohio.
Pavers are used for the first time at a North American airport (Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport).
The Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute is formed in North America.
400,000 square metres of paving is laid at Hong Kong's new international airport.
The 5000th anniversary of segmental paving.